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PCGrate-SX v.6.6 32/64-bit Complete-type software
The PCGrate-SX v.6.6 32/64-bit Complete program has GUI- and XML-format solvers to calculate the grating efficiency and rough mirror scattered intensity in a super-wide parameter region with additional mount and plot capabilities both from the Graphical User Interface and from the command line.
Size: 29184 bytes
 
PCGrate-SX v.6.6 32/64-bit GUI-type software
The PCGrate-SX v.6.6 32/64-bit GUI program has a GUI solver to calculate the grating efficiency and rough mirror scattered intensity from the Graphical User Interface in a super-wide parameter region with additional mount and plot capabilities.
Size: 28672 bytes
 
PCGrate-SX v.6.6 32/64-bit XML-type software
The PCGrate-SX v.6.6 32/64-bit XML program has a Console solver for XML-format input/output files and a GUI-->XML converter of input files to calculate the grating efficiency and rough mirror scattered intensity in a super-wide parameter region with additional mount and plot capabilities.
Size: 29184 bytes
 
PCGrate-S v.6.6 32/64-bit XML-type software
The PCGrate-S v.6.6 32/64-bit XML program has a Console solver for XML-format input/output files and a GUI-->XML converter of input files to calculate the grating efficiency in a wide parameter region with additional mount and plot capabilities.
Size: 29184 bytes
 
PCGrate-S v.6.6 32/64-bit GUI-type software
The PCGrate-S v.6.6 32/64-bit GUI program has a GUI solver to calculate the grating efficiency from the Graphical User Interface in a wide parameter region with additional mount and plot capabilities.
Size: 28672 bytes
 
PCGrate-S v.6.6 32/64-bit Complete-type software
The PCGrate-S v.6.6 32/64-bit Complete program has GUI- and XML-format solvers to calculate the grating efficiency in a wide parameter region with additional mount and plot capabilities both from the Graphical User Interface and from the command line.
Size: 29184 bytes
 
PCGrate-S v.6.5 32/64-bit Complete-type software
The PCGrate-S v.6.5 32/64-bit Complete program has GUI- and XML-format solvers to calculate the grating efficiency in wide parameter region both from the Graphical User Interface and from the command line.
Size: 29184 bytes
 
PCGrate-S v.6.5 32/64-bit GUI-type software
The PCGrate-S v.6.5 32/64-bit GUI program has a GUI solver to calculate the grating efficiency from the Graphical User Interface in a wide parameter region.
Size: 28672 bytes
 
PCGrate-S v.6.5 32/64-bit XML-type software
The PCGrate-S v.6.5 32/64-bit XML program has a Console solver for XML-format input/output files and a GUI-->XML converter of input files to calculate the grating efficiency in a wide parameter region.
Size: 29184 bytes
 
PCGrate-SX v.6.5 32/64-bit XML-type software
The PCGrate-SX v.6.5 32/64-bit XML program has a Console solver for XML-format input/output files and a GUI-->XML converter of input files to calculate the grating efficiency and rough mirror scattered intensity in a super-wide parameter region.
Size: 13803 bytes
 
PCGrate-SX v.6.5 32/64-bit GUI-type software
The PCGrate-SX v.6.5 32/64-bit GUI program has a GUI solver to calculate the grating efficiency and rough mirror scattered intensity from the Graphical User Interface in a super-wide parameter region.
Size: 13315 bytes
 
PCGrate-SX v.6.5 32/64-bit Complete-type software
The PCGrate-SX v.6.5 32/64-bit Complete program has GUI- and XML-format solvers to calculate the grating efficiency and rough mirror scattered intensity in a super-wide parameter region both from the Graphical User Interface and from the command line.
Size: 13632 bytes
 
PCGrate-SX v.6.1 Complete-type software
The PCGrate-SX v.6.1 Complete program has GUI and XML-format solvers to calculate the grating efficiency in a super-wide parameter region both from the Graphical User Interface and from the command line.
Size: 26624 bytes
 
PCGrate-SX v.6.1 GUI-type software
The PCGrate-SX v.6.1 GUI program has a GUI solver to calculate the grating efficiency from the Graphical User Interface in a super-wide parameter region.
Size: 26112 bytes
 
PCGrate-SX v.6.1 XML-type software
The PCGrate-SX v.6.1 XML program has a Console solver for XML-format input/output files and a GUI-->XML converter of input files to calculate the grating efficiency and a super-wide parameter region.
Size: 26624 bytes
 
PCGrate-S v.6.1 Complete-type software
The PCGrate-S v.6.1 Complete program has GUI and XML-format solvers to calculate the grating efficiency both from the Graphical User Interface and from the command line.
Size: 27136 bytes
 
PCGrate-S v.6.1 GUI-type software
The PCGrate-S v.6.1 GUI program has a GUI solver to calculate the grating efficiency from the Graphical User Interface.
Size: 26624 bytes
 
PCGrate-S v.6.1 XML-type software
The PCGrate-S v.6.1 XML program has a Console solver for XML-format input/output files and a GUI-->XML converter of input files to calculate the grating efficiency.
Size: 27136 bytes
 

A Brief Overview of the PCGrate-S(X) Series  
 
PCGrate®-S(X) v.6.5-6.6 32/64-bit calculates the diffraction efficiency and near-zone diffraction field for such kinds of 1-D reflection and transmission relief & phase gratings (holographic, ruled, and others) and 1-D & 2-D photonic crystals as those with arbitrary shape multilayer (that have different borders or non-uniform vertical thicknesses along the grating period), variable groove depth or/and space, concave & convex, in conical mounts, irradiated by non-planar waves, in general polarization states, with various periodical & random layers' roughnesses, and in a super wide spectral region. The rigorous boundary integral equation method5 employed in the analysis of diffraction grating efficiency3,19 is extended here to the case of non-periodical structures of any kind including calculation of diffuse intensities & ghosts and non-function border profiles.42-44 A tool for random asperities generating, in particular with Gaussian correlation function, is included (see Figure #27) with a possibility to add microroughness on one facet (part) of a border profile (see Figure #15). The updated PCGrate 6.5-6.6 Border Profile Editor has new features to generate rough border profiless of any kind and border profiles of the cubic spline type. The software has two independent multilayer solvers, which are based on different calculation schemes.  
The PCGrate 6.5-6.6 32/64-bit Separating solver is based on the newly developed single-boundary integral-equation Scattering solver and the Scattering-matrix approach to multilayer diffraction.28,32 By the definition, it requires homogeneous media separated two adjacent corrugated regions by fictitious planes (see Figure #30). The distance between such planes may be arbitrary including very close to zero. The Separating solver is primarily intended for efficiency calculations of dielectric rods of arbitrary shape and refractive index such as 2-D photonic crystals, any uncoated gratings including rough ones, and specific types of coated gratings and mirrors. It is indispensable for the x-ray-VUV gratings and mirrors covered with one or many plane or rather thick conformal coatings and, especially, for grazing incidence.  
The earlier implemented and now improved the PCGrate 6.5-6.6 32/64-bit Penetrating solver is based on the multi-boundary marching scheme2,35 and it doesn't require a separation between two adjacent corrugated regions (see Figure #31).4 This is vital in the modeling of many coated gratings (echelles, multilayer x-ray-VUV, thin-oxidized, etc.). So, the Penetrating solver is more general in this sense. In the PCGrate-S(X) v. 6.5-6.6 program the default solver type is Penetrating. As a rule, the Penetrating solver takes more time than Separating one to solve such problems due to considering the absolute plane border as a corrugated boundary and solving the integral equations on each physical boundary (it also depends on number of +/- terms/orders taking into account).  
PCGrate®-S(X) v. 6.6 32/64-bit software has many adds and improvements in comparison with v. 6.5. The new optical mounting (“Fix Focus”) and relevant photon energy unit (“eV”) were added to this version. Fix Focus is an optical mount configuration for a reflected order where the reflected order is observed at a fixed ratio c of polar diffraction and incidence angle cosines that is used at x-ray–EUV synchrotron radiation sources in plane grating focusing monochromators. In version 6.6, the “E(-1) refl” and the “E(-1) trans” buttons were added to quickly plot efficiency of reflected/transmitted order #-1 graphs. If there are multiple suitable scanning parameters, then an additional dialog appears and you have to choose one. Conical diffraction algorithms to predict reflection grating efficiencies in short waves were substantially improved. A lot of minor changes were implemented both in the v. 6.6 code and the documentation.  
PCGrate®-S(X) v.6.1 32-bit makes it possible to calculate the diffraction efficiency and the near-zone diffraction field for 1-D reflection and transmission relief & phase gratings (holographic, ruled, and others) with arbitrary shape multilayers which have different borders or non-uniform vertical thickness along the grating period, concave gratings, and gratings in conical mounts. It can also be used for calculations in the case of gratings irradiated by non-planar waves, in a general polarization state, gratings with periodic or/and random layers' roughnesses, and working in a very wide spectral region. It allows calculation of multilayer resonance cases at a high speed by using the self-acting smart internal cache of the program and by solving in parallel with multi- core/processor systems.  
 
The Limits and Constraints of Series and Types of the PCGrate®-S(X) Software  
 
PCGrate®-S(X) v.6.1 32-bit and PCGrate®-S(X) v.6.5-6.6 32/64-bit have two series: S and SX; and each series have three types: PCGrate®-S(X) GUI, PCGrate®-S(X) XML and PCGrate®-S(X) Complete. PCGrate®-S series have the minimal value of the wavelength-to-period ratio λ/d of 0.02 and the maximal number of layers of the grating surface multilayer material of 20. PCGrate®-SX series have the minimal value of the wavelength λ of 0.01 nm (there is no a restriction on wavelength-to-period ratios) and the maximal number of layers of the grating surface multilayer material of 5 000 (10 000 for v. 6.5-6.6). The PCGrate-S(X) XML and PCGrate-S(X) Complete types make it possible to calculate the grating efficiency from the command line with input/output data in XML format. The PCGrate-S(X) GUI and PCGrate-S(X) Complete types make it possible to obtain the calculated data using the Graphical User Interface and work with the results including saving, coping, exporting, plotting, printing, etc. The type is determined by a Sentinel HASP® HL USB key, which is shipped with the product.  
 
Key  
Parameter  
Possible Value  
S Series** v.6.1  
SX Series** v.6.1  
XML  
GUI  
Complete  
XML  
GUI  
Complete  
Wavelength  
From x-rays to meters  
From x-rays to meters  
From x-rays to meters  
From x-rays to meters  
From x-rays to meters  
From x-rays to meters  
Minimal wavelength-to-period ratio  
0.02  
0.02  
0.02  
2.e-13  
2.e-13  
2.e-13  
Diffraction orders range  
±100  
±100  
±100  
±5000  
±5000  
±5000  
Maximal number of layers  
20  
20  
20  
5000  
5000  
5000  
Non-periodical structures & non-function border profiles  
No  
No  
No  
No  
No  
No  
Rigorously accounting random roughness  
No  
No  
No  
No  
No  
No  
Gaussian beams, convex & VLS gratings  
No  
No  
No  
No  
No  
No  
Photonic crystals  
No  
No  
No  
No  
No  
No  
XML input/output format*  
Yes  
No  
Yes  
Yes  
No  
Yes  
GUI output gormat  
No  
Yes  
Yes  
No  
Yes  
Yes  
*All programs have a GUI-->XML converter of input data.  
**The one-year free technical support is given with all products of the PCGrate-S(X) v.6.1 32-bit Series.  
 
Key  
Parameter  
Possible Value  
S Series** v.6.5  
SX Series** v.6.5  
XML  
GUI  
Complete  
XML  
GUI  
Complete  
Wavelength  
From x-rays to meters  
From x-rays to meters  
From x-rays to meters  
From x-rays to meters  
From x-rays to meters  
From x-rays to meters  
Minimal wavelength-to-period ratio  
0.02  
0.02  
0.02  
2.e-13  
2.e-13  
2.e-13  
Diffraction orders range  
±100  
±100  
±100  
±10000  
±10000  
±10000  
Maximal number of layers  
20  
20  
20  
10000  
10000  
10000  
Non-periodical structures & non-function border profiles  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Rigorously accounting random roughness  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Gaussian beams, convex & VLS gratings  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Photonic crystals  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
XML input/output format*  
Yes  
No  
Yes  
Yes  
No  
Yes  
GUI output format  
No  
Yes  
Yes  
No  
Yes  
Yes  
Additional mount and plot capabilities  
No  
No  
No  
No  
No  
No  
*All programs have a GUI-->XML converter of input data.  
**The one-year warranty (errors fixed at no charge) and one-year free updates & technical support are given with all products of the PCGrate-S(X) v.6.5 32/64-bit Series.  
 
Key  
Parameter  
Possible Value  
S Series** v.6.6  
SX Series** v.6.6  
XML  
GUI  
Complete  
XML  
GUI  
Complete  
Wavelength  
From x-rays to meters  
From x-rays to meters  
From x-rays to meters  
From x-rays to meters  
From x-rays to meters  
From x-rays to meters  
Minimal wavelength-to-period ratio  
0.02  
0.02  
0.02  
2.e-13  
2.e-13  
2.e-13  
Diffraction orders range  
±100  
±100  
±100  
±10000  
±10000  
±10000  
Maximal number of layers  
20  
20  
20  
10000  
10000  
10000  
Non-periodical structures & non-function border profiles  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Rigorously accounting random roughness  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Gaussian beams, convex & VLS gratings  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Photonic crystals  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
XML input/output format*  
Yes  
No  
Yes  
Yes  
No  
Yes  
GUI output format  
No  
Yes  
Yes  
No  
Yes  
Yes  
Additional mount and plot capabilities  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
Yes  
*All programs have a GUI-->XML converter of input data.  
**The one-year warranty (errors fixed at no charge) and one-year free updates & technical support are given with all products of the PCGrate-S(X) v.6.6 32/64-bit Series.  
 
Hardware Requirements of the PCGrate-S(X) v.6.1 Series  
 
The PCGrate-S(X) v. 6.1 32-bit software for Microsoft® Windows® 32/64-bit requires:  
  • Microsoft® Windows® 2K/XP/Server 2003/Vista/Server 2008/7/Server 2012/8(.1) or higher installed (Windows 8.1 or Server 2012 are recommended).  
  • PC-compatible (Intel® Pentium® IV 2 GHz or AMD® Athlon® 2500+ and higher are recommended for better performance) single- or multi- core/processor computer.  
  • At least 256 MB of free RAM (512 MB or more for complex problem modelling and paralleling).  
  • Minimum 100 MB of free hard disk space (200 MB or more are recommended for storing complex problem results).  
  • Web and e-mail access for technical support and program updates.  
 
Hardware Requirements of the PCGrate-S(X) v.6.5-6.6 32/64-bit Series  
 
The PCGrate-S(X) v.6.5-6.6 32/64-bit software for Microsoft® Windows® 32/64-bit requires:  
  • Microsoft® Windows® 2K/XP/Server 2003/Vista/Server 2008/7/Server 2012/8(.1) or higher installed (Windows 8.1 or Server 2012 are recommended).  
  • PC-compatible (Intel® Pentium® IV 2 GHz or AMD® Athlon® 2500+ and higher are recommended for better performance) single- or multi- core/processor computer.  
  • At least 512 MB of free RAM (1024 MB or more for complex problem modelling and paralleling).  
  • Minimum 200 MB of free hard disk space (500 MB or more are recommended for storing complex problem results)  
  • Web and e-mail access for technical support and program updates.  
 
 
 
 
 
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